Turkish Journal of Archaeology and Ethnography

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement




It was intended to announce new findings to the academic environment and to the public of the cultural diversities of the civilisations dating back from the Prehistory to the Türkiye history, especially giving a place on the studies of archaeology, art history, ethnography and related sub-disciplines related to Turkish culture in the Middle Asia, Balkans, North Africa and Middle East territories by the Turkish Journal of Archaeology and Ethnography.


In the Turkish Journal of Archaeology and Ethnography, the studies published according to ethical principles and rules within the borders of Türkiye being in the first place of areas linked to archaeology, art history and ethnography areas and all related areas such as; Ancient History Geography, Prehistory, Protohistory, Asia Minor and Classical Archaeology, Museology, History of Antiquity, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Anthropology, Museology, History of Antiquity, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Anthropology, Archaeometry, Conservation-Repair and Restoration, Architectural History and Hittitology. New interpretations, approaches, detection and application studies on the cultural heritage management and other social science fields linked with the branches mentioned above take place on the journal. Even though the articles having only material description and preliminary excavation report are not allowed in our journal, newsworthy writings having unique findings are allowed to be published.

Publication Ethics and Atatement on Misuse

Turkish Archaeology and Ethnography Journal which is guaranteeing to rule the based standards at the maximum level, carrying out the publication process without compromising the standards of transparency and justice, paying attention to confidentiality principles during the publication evaluation process and referee phase, is a free and convenient to open access, and refereed journal and carrying out the publication process, published in English and Turkish by online and in print. Editors, authors, reviewers and publishers who are the parties involved in the publication process of the journal have to obey the ethical norms. Publication Ethics and Statement Abuse principles of actions have been adopted which were prepared based on the guidelines and recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and Council of Science Editors (CSE).

All duties and responsibilities of all parties have been decided in the bases of this publication process of the Turkish Archaeology and Ethnography Journal, it is compulsory to comply with these instructions according to their duties. It is unacceptable and not allowed the unethical behaviours, it can not be remained insensitive about any types of abuse and improper use. If these guidelines and instructions are not adapted, it would not be possible to publish this article on the Turkish Archaeology and Ethnography Journal.


  • Fair Evaluation and Neutrality

Editors evaluate the articles came to the journal without taking any consideration of the race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, nationality, religious faith, political tendency and institutional connection of the writer/writers, they merely evaluate the articles according to the basic academic criteria of scientific quality, significance and originality and they evaluate the articles according to the suitability to journal contents. Editorial regulations and publication decisions about the article were not determined by the policies of other institutions than oneself and governments. All authority over the determination and publication of the journal contents is belong to the Editorial Board. All the articles sent to the journal go through the referee process if deemed appropriate by the editor and/or journal editorial board. Denying of the articles have been done with a reasoned decisions such as being not suitable for the content of the journal and basic academic qualifications. Any articles whose referee process is completed negatively, or not entered the referee process cannot be published in the journal.

  • Confidentiality

Editors, co-editors and other people working in the journal can not share any information to anyone about the article submitted except than author/authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial consultants and publisher.

  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Editors, co-editors and editorial board cannot use the information, thoughts and hypothesis used in the submitted article for their research purposes without taking any permission from the writers of articles. Editors will keep the information and/or ideas secret and they will not take advantage of them for their interests. Editors/co-editors and authors who are associated with the articles will not take evaluate the articles for the situations which derived from conflicts of interest from competition, collaboration or other relationships/connections with the company or institution.

Editors/co-editors will not evaluate articles in cases where there is a possibility of conflicts of interest arising from competition, collaboration or other relationships/connections with any author, company or institution associated with the articles, instead, they will request that another member of the editorial board manage the article-related processes.

If conflicts of interest and relationships arise after the article is published, corrections will be published. The publication in question will be removed from the Journal's digital format and article index.


  • Publication decisions

Editors/co-editors are responsible for ensuring that all submitted articles are evaluated for publication and reviewed by at least 2 referees who are experts in their field. In cooperation with the Editorial Board, they evaluate the articles sent to the Journal regarding the originality, validity and importance of the work for researchers and readers, and decide which ones to publish based on referee comments and current legal requirements in connection with situations such as insult, copyright violation and plagiarism. They may exchange ideas with each other, the editorial board or referees when making decisions about articles. They can guide the authors on issues such as narrative errors and spelling errors in the article. Likewise, they can also warn about issues related to the study method, scientific and logical errors, and content-related problems.


  • Participation and Cooperation in Invenstigations

Editors (together with the publisher and/or institutions) will take corresponding measures when ethical concerns arise regarding a submitted article and published article. Any reported unethical publishing behaviour will be investigated, even if it occurs years after publication. If problems with ethical principle violations are detected as a result of the investigation, corrections and retractions will be made for the article in question, an information note will be added to the published articles in subsequent issues, and articles with proven ethical violation problems will be removed from the digital format and index of the journal.



  • Contribution to editorial decisions

Peer review helps editors make editorial decisions. It can also help authors improve their articles through editorial communication. Peer review is a fundamental component of formal scholarly communication and is at the heart of scholarly work.


  • Speediness

Referees who feel incompetent to evaluate the research topic covered in a manuscript and think it will be impossible to review it quickly should immediately notify the editors if invited and decline the referee invitation so that different referees can be contacted.


  • Confidentiality

All articles accepted for consideration are confidential documents and must be treated as such. They should not be shared or discussed with others unless permission is given by editors who are authorized to share it only under exceptional and special conditions. This also applies to those who decline the invitation to referee.


  • Objective Standards

Reviews should be conducted objectively, and ideas about the article should be clearly expressed with supporting arguments so that authors can improve their articles. Criticisms of the authors regarding their individual characteristics and personal thoughts are considered as inappropriate. In order to ensure a standard during the evaluation process, they must fill out the Referee Committee Report in the documents section under the Article Submission tab and upload it to the process files section via “Dergipark” after the evaluation.


  • Declaration of References

Referees should identify published studies that are relevant to the article but have not been cited by the authors. It should be noted whether any statement is cited that is an observation, derivation, or argument reported in previous publications. The referee must notify the editors of any significant similarity or overlap between the article they are reviewing and another article of which they have knowledge (published or unpublished).


  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Invited referees who have a conflict of interest arising from competitive, collaborative or other relationships or affiliations with any author, company or institution associated with the article or the work described in the article must immediately notify the editors by declaring the conflict of interest and decline the invitation to review so that the editors can contact alternative referees.

An author whose article has been published in an issue of the Turkish Archaeology and Ethnography Journal cannot serve as a referee in the same issue. Similarly, an author's article cannot be published in the issue for which they are a referee. The article of the author who submits an article to an issue in which he serves as a referee is published in the next issue.


  • Writing Standards

In order to avoid loss of time and energy for both parties, the articles that the authors send to the Turkish Archaeology and Ethnography Journal for publication must be prepared in accordance with the content, purpose, scope, publication principles and rules of the journal. They should provide an accurate description of their work and then provide an objective assessment of the significance of the work. The article should contain sufficient detail and references and be a guide for other researchers who will conduct similar studies. Review articles should be accurate, objective and comprehensive, and editorial opinions or viewpoints should also be clearly stated. Articles whose content is not produced by the author and contains fraudulent and knowingly false statements are unethical and unacceptable.

If the referee decides "revision is necessary" in the first evaluation, the authors must respond to the referees' comments systematically, literally and in a timely manner, review their articles by the given deadline and re-submit them to the journal.


  • Data access and Preservation


    Raw data, disclosure, ethics rule approval and copyright permissions may be requested from authors during the editorial review and peer review process. Authors are obliged to cooperate by responding promptly to these requests and should be prepared to make the data in question publicly available. Authors must ensure that such data are accessible to other researchers for at least 10 years after publication (preferably through an institutional or subject-based repository or other data centre), provided that participants' confidentiality can be protected and legal rights in relation to proprietary data do not preclude their release. Legal rights regarding proprietary data do not constitute an obstacle to their disclosure.

     Withdrawing articles from the publication during ongoing peer review is considered an unethical and immoral publishing behaviour. In such cases, any publications of the relevant author(s) will not be accepted in the Turkish Archaeology and Ethnography Journalfor 5 years.

  • Originality and plagiarism
  • Multiple, Duplicate, Redundant or Simultaneous Submission/Publication
  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest
  • Ownership of the Article
    • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

      Authors should disclose any conflicts of interest, if any, that could be construed as affecting the results or their interpretation in the paper, at the earliest possible stage, usually at the time of submission, by submitting a disclosure form and including a statement in the article. Financial connections such as receiving a fee, benefiting from educational grants, membership in funds, employment, consultancy, share ownership and other equity interests, as well as non-financial relationships such as personal or professional affiliations and connections are examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed. All sources of financial support received during the study should be disclosed, including the grant number where possible or other reference numbers if available.

    • Declaration of References

      Authors should ensure that they properly cite the work of others and should also cite publications that are influential in determining the quality of the work. Information obtained through private means, such as interviews, correspondence and discussions with third parties, should not be used or reported without the express, written permission of the source.

    • Hazardous Situations and Human or Animal ExperimentsIf the study was conducted with chemicals, procedures, or equipment whose use are hazardous, authors should clearly state this in the article. If the study involves the use of animals or humans as test subjects, authors should ensure that all procedures are performed in accordance with applicable laws and institutional guidelines and that approvals are obtained. The article should also include an explanation to this effect. Authors should also include in the manuscript a statement that if human subjects were used, the subjects were informed during the procedures. The privacy rights of human subjects must be respected at all times.

      If the articles sent to the Turkish Archaeology and Ethnography Journal were obtained using humans and animals as test subjects or for scientific purposes, or if clinical research was conducted on them, the "Ethics Committee Permission Document" in the journal documents section must be completed and sent. The responsibility for permissions regarding the data collected through surveys, interview techniques and interviews belongs to the authors, and the journal management cannot be blamed for any legal responsibilities that may arise in these matters. 

    • Errors in Published Works

    If authors detect errors in their own work, they are obliged to promptly inform the editors of the journal and cooperate in correcting or withdrawing their articles. If the editors or the publisher learn from a third party that a published work contains a material error or inaccuracy, they may ask the author(s) to correct or withdraw the article. It is the authors' responsibility to provide evidence to the journal editors of the accuracy of the article. When authors notice a significant error during the publication process, they are obliged to report this error to the editor.


    • Precautions Against Publications That Abuse Ethical Principles

      In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in cooperation with the editors, takes the necessary steps to clarify the situation. In case of detection of scientific misconduct, plagiarism and fraudulent publication, the article is rejected or necessary measures are taken by the authors to change it. This may require rapid publication of an error/fact table, clarification or, in the most serious cases, withdrawal of the study. The publisher, together with the editors, will take reasonable steps to detect and prevent publication of articles where research misconduct has occurred and will not, under any circumstances, encourage or knowingly permit such misconduct to occur.

      The publisher does not discriminate on the basis of age, colour, religion, sect, disability, marital status, nationality, race, gender, genetic predisposition or carrier status or sexual orientation in its publishing programs, services and activities.

    • Participation and Cooperation in Investigations

             The responsibility for the articles published in the journal belongs to the authors. Turkish Archaeology and Ethnography Journal will assist in judicial and administrative investigations that may arise in cases of plagiarism and scientific misconduct, as well as suspicions raised about the articles published in the Journal, by providing the information and documents in its possession to the relevant institutions and authorities, upon request.